According to a global survey, an estimated 18.35 million men, women and children are trapped in modern slavery through human trafficking, forced labour, debt bondage, forced or servile marriage, or commercial sexual exploitation, making India home to the largest enslaved population in the world.
An estimated 45.8 million people are enslaved globally, and India, China, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Uzbekistan together account for almost 58 percent of the world’s total enslaved population.
The Global Slavery Index found that 124 countries have criminalised human trafficking in line with the UN Trafficking Protocol, and 96 have developed national action plans to coordinate government response.
While India remains the country with the highest number of enslaved people in absolute terms, it has made significant progress in introducing measures to tackle the problem.
It has criminalised trafficking, child prostitution and forced marriage. It is also expanding the number of anti-trafficking units across the country and taken steps to create a central national investigation agency.