India ratifies Paris climate pact

paris-agreementIndia has ratified the Paris Agreement on climate change, at the UN Headquarters in New York, bringing the treaty’s entry into force very close.

PM Narendra Modi called it ‘development without destruction’ and UN Deputy Secretary General Jan Eliasson said it was very satisfying, after witnessing India becoming the 62nd country to deposit a legal instrument of ratification for the climate pact during an event on the International Day of Non-Violence.

India chose the International Day and the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, and Mr Eliasson said ‘there is no better way to commemorate the great Gandhi and his legacy of peace for people and planet.

The Agreement calls on countries to combat climate change and limit global temperature rise to well below 2 degrees Celsius will take effect 30 days after at least 55 countries responsible for 55 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions, deposit their instruments of ratification.

With the action by India that accounts for 4.1 of the emissions the Agreement only needs a little more than 3 percentage points to reach the ’55 per cent’ threshold.

In a statement issued by his spokesman, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon who is visiting Switzerland, warmly congratulated India for ratifying and formally joining the Agreement.

At a briefing earlier David Nabarro, the UN secretary Generals Special Adviser on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, expressed confidence that the Paris Agreement will enter into force at some point this year, highlighting that besides India some 14 other countries representing at lease 12 per cent of global emissions, have committed to ratifying the pact.