In their review the researchers Dr Vikram Patel and Dr. K Srinath Reddy said India has failed to adequately protect its citizens against financial risks connected with health costs, and the catastrophic expenditures on health keep pushing millions into poverty. In effect, a large part of the population is impoverished because of high healthcare expenditures and suffers the awful consequences of poor quality care.
Total expenditure on health in the country has gone down to just 4 percent despite India being home to 17.5 percent of the global population. The country accounts for 27 percent of all neonatal deaths and diseases including diarrhoea, pneumonia and sepsis, that account for 68 percent of deaths in children below age 5.
The experts have called for urgent action to correct the health system, most importantly primary care, and improve public spending on health.