India's birth rate has declines

According to official figures released by the Sample Registration Survey, India's birth rate declined dramatically in the last two decades due in part to female literacy. The Total Fertility Rate which is the number of children the average woman will have in her lifetime based on current trends, fell to 2.3 last year from 3.6 in 1991. India has been trying for decades to curb population growth and while the national government officially abandoned targets for family planning in 1996, local authorities still offer cash incentives to women who undergo sterilisation. The director of the Population Foundation of India, Poonam Muttreja said the new data shows India does not need to panic, and they have to give the women choices. Investing in informed family planning choices prevent maternal and child mortality. Also the population stabilisation and demographic dividend can only happen when the young people are educated and trained for employment. The demographic dividend refers to the advantage that India has over an ageing Western world, with nearly 50 percent of its population under the age of 24. On the other hand experts warned against complacency in the country of 1.2 billion.